Spine Injury

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Symptoms may include loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury.

A traumatic spinal cord injury may happen because of a sudden blow or cut to the spine.

A spinal cord injury often causes permanent loss of strength, sensation and function below the site of the injury.

Rehabilitation and assistive devices allow many people with spinal cord injuries to lead productive, independent lives. Treatments include drugs to reduce symptoms and surgery to stabilise the spine.

The most common causes of spinal cord injuries in the United States are:

  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Falls
  • Acts of violence
  • Sports and recreation injuries
  • Alcohol
  • Diseases

Specialized Treatments

Epidural Stimulation

Epidural stimulation is an effective treatment to correct the problem of the lower portion of the spinal cord. It is the technique to provide continuous electrical current to the lower part of the spinal cord where the problem lies.

The best part of this treatment option is that epidural stimulation takes place with the help of a remote control which means that the patient has all the control over the device. This small surgical device is implanted into the spinal cord.

The intensity of the electrical current is controlled with the help of that remote control. When the function is applied to the remote control, stimulation begins by charging up the nerve cells which allows the paralyzed patient to move their legs.

Brachial Plexus Injury

The brachial plexus is a network of intertwined nerves that control movement and sensation in the arm and hand. A traumatic brachial plexus injury involves sudden damage to these nerves, and may cause weakness, loss of feeling, or loss of movement in the shoulder, arm, or hand.

Symptoms may include a limp or paralyzed arm; lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist; and a lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand. ... This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm pain followed by weakness and numbness.

Sciatic Nerve Injury

Paralysis of the hamstring muscles and all the muscles below the knee leading to a weak knee flexion and foot drop are the common manifestations of sciatic nerve injury. All the sensations below the knee except the medial aspect of the leg and foot are impaired.

Sciatic Nerve Injury can occur due to trauma (pressure, stretching or cutting) to the nerve. This type of injury injury can cause degrees of muscle power loss and altered sensation.The causes can be spinal or non spinal causes or iatrogenic:

Spinal causes

  • Spinal stenosis (due to degenerative bone disorders, trauma, inflammatory disease)
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Growth in spinal canal (eg. abscess)

Non Spinal causes which compress or damage the nervePiriformis syndrome:

  • Pregnancy
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy
  • Trauma to leg
  • Pelvic or sciatic nerve tumours

Foot Drop

Foot drop is a gait abnormality in which the dropping of the forefoot happens due to weakness, irritation or damage to the common fibular nerve including the sciatic nerve, or paralysis of the muscles in the anterior portion of the lower leg. It is usually a symptom of a greater problem, not a disease in itself.

Causes of foot drop might include:

  • Nerve injury. The most common cause of foot drop is compression of a nerve in your leg that controls the muscles involved in lifting the foot (peroneal nerve)
  • Muscle or nerve disorders
  • Brain and spinal cord disorders

Radial Nerve Injury

The radial nerve runs down the underside of your arm and controls movement of the triceps muscle, which is located at the back of the upper arm. ... Radial nerve injury may be due to physical trauma, infection, or even exposure to toxins. It often causes numbness and tingling or burning pain. It can also be painless. Signs and Symptoms of Radial Nerve Palsy Radial nerve palsy symptoms include:

  • Numbness from the triceps down to the fingers
  • Problems extending the wrist or fingers
  • Pinching and grasping problems
  • Weakness or inability to control muscles from the triceps down to the fingers
  • Wrist drop – when the wrist hangs limply and the patient cannot lift it

Treatment of radial nerve palsy may include:

  • Medication
  • Physical Therapy
  • Splint or Cast
  • Surgery
  • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Facial Nerve Injury

Facial nerve injury usually results from blunt or penetrating trauma to the petrous portion of the temporal bone. Approximately 5% of patients who suffered head injuries have temporal bone fractures. 61. Facial nerve weakness can be partial or complete; it can manifest immediately or in a delayed fashion

Facial nerve problems may result in facial muscle paralysis, weakness, or twitching of the face. Dryness of the eye or the mouth, alteration of taste on the affected side, or even excessive tearing or salivation can be seen as well.


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About IBS Hospitals

Established in the year 2011, IBS Hospitals have managed to create a niche in providing advanced medical care in the field of neurosciences. The Hospital specializes in advanced neurology, neurosurgery, spine surgery and joint replacement surgeries. Our rehabilitation department offers post-surgical and other treatments wherein out rehab team ensures your speedy and healthy recovery.

We also have a separate department for International patients to take care of you throughout your medical journey, we offer various pre-visit services over emails and telephone such as specialists opinion, visa assistance and travel assistance.

With world class infrastructure, dedicated team of specialists, qualified and considerate staff, at IBS you will not only get immediate medical attention but we will also make you feel at home. A smile on our patients’ face while leaving our premises is a reflection of our success.