IVF & Infertility Treatment

What is Infertility?

Infertility is defined as a couple’s inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility is perceived as a social problem in our country, with various medical manifestations.

Infertility affects 15% of couples worldwide or one in six couples globally. Currently, the number of infertile couples stands at 60-80 million, and the number is increasing every year.

In India, as many as 20% of couples seek treatment for this disorder. Medical reasons for the failure to conceive could be present in either of the partners. In our country, problems of infertility are observed in 35-40% of men, and an equal percentage of women, while, both partners face the problem in 20-30% of cases.

However, advances in medical science have made it possible for infertile couples to experience the joys of parenthood. Since the birth of Louise Brown on 25th July 1978, over 3 million test tube babies have been born, lighting up their parents’ lives.

Infertility affects one in six couple. There are about 60-80 million infertile couples world wide and the rate is increasing. Some patients spontaneously achieve pregnancy but others at some stage experience difficulty in achieving conception and these patients need some kind of assistance in getting pregnant. There is about 3-5% probability of achieving pregnancy in one menstrual cycle this is called Fecundability, fecundity is the probability that a single cycle will result in a live birth. It is estimated that out 100 couple with female partner's age less than 35 years, approx 80-85% will achieve pregnancy within the first year of unprotected intercourse, 90% will conceive within 18 months and about 95% will conceive within two years. The remaining 5% rarely achieve pregnancy without some form of assistance.

 Infertility may be defined as an inability to achieve pregnancy within 2 years of having unprotected intercourse, though some clinicians prefer this time limit to be 1year. Women who are more than 35 years should consult an expert after 6 months of contraceptive free sexual intercourse when it has not resulted in pregnancy. This difference in the time limit is owing to the declining egg quality with increasing age. In some couples the fertility is impaired to some extent but not completely, these patients may conceive in 3rd year or subsequently without any assistance as there is a delay these patients are called sub fertile. While, sterility is an absolute state of inability to conceive.

The cause of infertility could be in either of the partners (Male factor-35%, Female factor-40%) or in 10-15% both partners may be infertile or sub fertile. sometimes each could be individually fertile but as a couple may need assistance to achieve pregnancy the causes could be immunological or genetic, this is called Combined infertility. While in about 10%, the fertility evaluation show no abnormality, these patients are likely to have problems which are not diagnosed by current available investigations, this is termed unexplained infertility.

What are the various treatment options available in BLK Hospital for infertility?


Comprehensive Services

There are several treatment options available for infertility:


Intrauterine Insemination refers to the procedure of insemination at the time of ovulation. This helps in increasing the chances of conception over and above the natural course. It is indicated in cases of mild problems in sperm count / motility, dysovulation, mild endometriosis, unexplained infertility and in cases of donor sperm.


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a process in which eggs are fertilized by sperms outside the womb (uterus). In layman terms, it means a ‘test tube baby’. IVF helps many childless couples achieve parenthood. It is indicated in cases of tubal block, male infertility, severe endometriosis, unexplained infertility, previous failed IUI cycles, egg donation and surrogacy, etc.


ICSI is a procedure that is used along with IVF. In this procedure a single sperm is directly injected into an egg

Surgical Procedure

Fertility enhancing Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy is indicated for removal of ovarian cyst, fibroid, polyp, tubal correction, septum resection, adhesiolysis, division of intrauterine synechiae, etc.

Treatment for Male Infertility

Depending on the cause, either medical or surgical treatment can be undertaken by the best doctors in Delhi. In cases of Azoospermia, surgical sperm retrieval followed by IVF-ICSI can be undertaken.


 Specialized Services:

Investigations of Infertile couple

Blastocyst culture

Fertility Enhancing Laparoscopic surgeries

Oocyte freezing

Management of Male factors Infertility

Egg Donation

Management of female factors Infertility

Embryo Donation

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

Sperm donation

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Surgical sperm retrieval for Azoospermia

Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Electro ejaculation followed by IUI/ ICSI

Laser Hatching

Cryo preservation prior to Cancer treatment

Embryo Freezing (Slow Freezing & Vitrification)




What is IVF?
IN VITRO FERTILISATION(IVF) is a process in which eggs are fertilised by sperm outside the womb(uterus). This means test tube baby in lay-man terms. It helps to achieve pregnancy in many childless couples.

What is ICSI?
This procedure is used with IVF when a single sperm is directly injected into the egg.

Who are the couples who require IVF/ ICSI?
Tubal Damage
a) In cases of both tubes being blocked or having significant damage. This diagnosis should be confirmed by a diagnostic laparoscopy.
b) Also to be considered in patient where tubal microsurgery has failed.

Severe endometriosis or moderate endometriosis distorting Pelvic Anatomy.

Ovulatory Disorders
Most of the ovulation problems can be corrected by various ovulation inducing drugs. If after the treatment pregnancy does not take place IVF has to be considered.

Unexplained Infertility
6 Cycles of ovulation induction not followed by pregnancy require IVF. Even before 6 cycles if patient is more than 35 years of age IVF may be considered.

Egg Donation
In cases of premature failure of ovaries or poor quality eggs. Egg donation is considered.

Male Infertility
This term means when a couple is unable to conceive due to problems in the male partner. The problem may be associated with:-

  • Low sperm count.
  • Poor sperm motility.
  • Abnormal morphology.
  • Absent sperms in semen but only present in tests or epidydimus.

In severe cases of male Infertility ICSI is required

The centre also has facilities for:

  • Treating difficult cases
  • Repeated IVF failures
  • Reproductive Endocrinopathies (Hormonal disturbances)
  • Sexual Dysfunctions
  • Counseling sessions

FOGSI Training
The centre has started FOGSI Training programs for doctors wishing to train in infertility. Following are the programs:

  • Basic Infertility Training (1 week).
  • Advance Infertility Training (2 weeks).
  • IUI Training (2 days)

Patient Testimonials

  • Gholam Nabi Yahqubi talks about his treatment by Dr Soma Singh at BLK Hospital

    Gholam Nabi Yahqubi
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  • Patient Success with IVF - Mrs Altyntach Shyhyyeva | Dr. Aanchal Agarwal - BLK Hospital

    Mrs Altyntach Shyhyyeva
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  • Gholam Nabi Yahqubi talks about his treatment by Dr Soma Singh at BLK Hospital

    Gholam Nabi Yahqubi
    Read More  
  • Patient Success With IVF - Dr. Aanchal Agarwal

    Ms. Narmina Abdullayeva
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  • Patient Success with IVF Farhio Mohamoud with Dr. Aanchal Agarwal

    Farhio Mohamoud
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  • Anu Kalra talks about her treatment by Dr Aanchal Agarwal

    Ms. Anu Kalra
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  • Mrs Sanya Dino from Ethiopia talks about her treatment at BLK Hospital

    Mrs. Sanya Dino
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  • Mrs Lalita Khatri Cheetri from Nepal talks about her treatment at BLK Hospital

    Mrs. Lalita Khatri Cheetri
    Read More  

Patient Stories